The English major provides students with a Liberal Arts concentration a deeper appreciation of literature and enhanced skills in written communication. The major is intended to allow students to better understand the cultural, historical, and social significance of texts, ranging from ancient to contemporary world literature. In addition, the program emphasizes critical reading and writing skills required in a variety of career fields including law, education, communication arts, business and industry.
This Subject LibGuide will take you through the process of performing research in order to create an academic level research paper or project.
Navigate within this Subject LibGuide by using the horizontal tabs.
Let the journey begin, you are on your way to gather and analyze information!
Network Name: lahc-Student or LACCDStudent network
Username: Your SIS portal username (http://mycollege.laccd.edu/)
Password: Your SIS portal password
Keep track of the sources you use so it will be easier for you to create the appropriate citations!
Begin your research by following these steps:
1. Identify a broad research topic and gather general information
2. Evaluate your sources
3. Narrow your topic (what do you want to focus on within the broad research topic?)
4. Identify main concepts
5. List keywords and synonyms
6. Create a thesis statement
7. Collect data
8. Evaluate your sources
9. Begin writing your paper
10. Cite your sources
Primary sources are documents or physical objects which were written or created during the time under study.
Secondary sources interpret and analyze primary sources; they are one or more steps removed from the event.
Affiliation: Is a reputable institution connected to the site (e.g., .edu, .gov, .org)?
Audience: Working links? Written at an appropriate level? Information suitable for intended audience?
Authority: Is the author (not designer of web site) identified? Credentials? Contact info?
Content: Well-organized? Relates to objective?
Currency: Up-to-date information?
Design: Site loads reasonably quickly? Easy to navigate? Legible? Appropriate graphics? Font style?
Objectivity: Contains little or no advertising and free of bias?
Purpose: Clearly stated and meets objective?
Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work or borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying" and "borrowing" can disguise the seriousness of the offense.
The Following Is Considered Plagiarism
Quoting vs Paraphrasing
Let's say that you want to introduce information from another source (a book, a journal article, or website, for example) into your paper. You could approach this by quoting the work directly or try to convey the information from the original source in your paper by rephrasing it in your own words. This latter approach is paraphrasing.
Paraphrasing Is A Valuable Skill
Paraphrasing includes the ideas or information from an original source in your paper by rephrasing those ideas or information in your own words. The key to successful paraphrasing is to use as few words as possible from the original text--be mindful not to change the meaning that you are trying to convey as you rephrase--and to cite your paraphrase. Without proper citation, your paraphrase could be construed as plagiarism.
Six steps to effectively paraphrasing along with a few examples can be found on the Purdue Online Writing Lab website:
"Plagiarism 101." Plagiarism.org. iParadigms, LLC, 2015. Web. 22 Nov. 2015. <http://www.plagiarism.org/>.
Popular articles are from publications that are "popular" to the general public. They can be identified by the following characteristics:
Scholarly articles are found in professional journals; they can be identified by the following characteristics:
Undergraduate Research: It is important to know that popular and scholarly articles are good sources of information. When selecting articles think about the way you are going to use the content.
Popular: background research
Scholarly: academic cite-able research
American Criminal Law Review
Aerospace Power Journal
BCM Health Services Research
Be Challenged, Be Curious, & Organize Your Thoughts!
Identify Student Resources: library, counseling department, tutoring/writing center, clubs, and associations. LAHC Student Services
Be Prepared: start early by prepping for registering for classes, class materials, and assignments.
Create Connections: form study groups and build long lasting relationships with your peers.
Office Hours: visit your instructors during their office hours! Communicate your needs and concerns to clarify class assignments.
Feedback: learn to provide and receive feedback from your peers, instructors, and counselors; it is an opportunity to grow for everyone involved.
Don't Give Up: talk to someone on campus before quitting (instructor, counselor, or librarian), they can aid you in finding the recourses you need to make your academic experience successful!