Author-Date System (AD)
Notes-Bibliography System (NB)
Ask your instructor which one they require then select the appropriate tab on this guide.
What is CMS?
The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) covers a variety of topics from manuscript preparation and publication to grammar, usage, and documentation and has been lovingly called the “editors’ bible.”
When to use CMS?
There is two CMS documentation styles:
1. Notes-Bibliography System (NB), which is used by those in humanities: literature, history, and the arts.
Reference sources through footnote or endnote citations in their writing and through bibliography pages. It also offers writers an outlet for commenting on those cited sources. The NB system is most commonly used in the discipline of history.
2. Author-Date System, is nearly identical in content but slightly different in form and is preferred in the social/sciences. Sources are briefly cited in the text, usually in parentheses, by author’s last name and date of publication. The short citations are amplified in a list of references, where full bibliographic information is provided.
What is a Citation?
A "citation" is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including:
Giving credit to the original author by citing sources is the only way to use other people's work without plagiarizing. But there are a number of other reasons to cite sources:
When to Cite?
Whenever you borrow words or ideas, you need to acknowledge their source. The following situations almost always require citation:
"What is a Citation?." Plagiarism.org. iParadigms, LLC, 2015. Web. 22 Nov. 2015. http://www.plagiarism.org/.
Ways to electronically generate citations:
Always double check the created citation with CMS Guide - How do I Cite tab
Navigate to the following resources for examples on in-text citations and your reference/bibliographic page.
NB = Notes Bibliographic
AD = Author Date
The Chicago Manuel of Style Online - Notice the tabs for NB & AD.
Purdue - Select the source type from the menu on the left.
Purdue Citation Style Chart (MLA, APA, CMS): Purdue Quick Reference Chart
This guide is used/adapted from The Chicago Manual of Style Online and Purdue University Online Writing Guide.
Note: When copying this guide, please retain this box.