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Counseling: Resources


Counseling and Guidance. A counseling and guidance program incorporates academic, career, and personal counseling and assistance in matters of admissions, financial aid, job placement and student activities. This program assists the student in the establishment of educational goals and in the selection and pursuit of a life work compatible with his or her interests, aptitudes, and abilities. 

Purpose of LibGuides

This Subject LibGuide will take you through the process of performing research in order to create an academic level research paper or project.

Navigate within this Subject LibGuide by using the horizontal tabs.

Let the journey begin, you are on your way to gather and analyze information!

Student WiFi

Student WiFi

Network Name: lahc-Student or LACCDStudent network

​Username: Your SIS portal username (

Password: Your SIS portal password

Quick Tip!

Keep track of the sources you use so it will be easier for you to create the appropriate citations!

Writing Strategies

Begin your research by following these steps:

1. Identify a broad research topic and gather general information

  • Books, reference books, websites

2. Evaluate your sources

3. Narrow your topic (what do you want to focus on within the broad research topic?)

4. Identify main concepts

5. List keywords and synonyms

6. Create a thesis statement

7. Collect data

  • Search in the library databases using your main concepts and keywords/synonyms

8. Evaluate your sources 

9. Begin writing your paper

10. Cite your sources 

Primary sources are documents or physical objects which were written or created during the time under study.

Original Documents: diaries, speeches, manuscripts, letters, interviews, news film footage, autobiographies, official records.
Creative Works: poetry, drama, novels, music, art.
Relics or Artifacts: pottery, furniture, clothing, buildings.

Secondary sources interpret and analyze primary sources; they are one or more steps removed from the event. 

Publications: textbooks, magazine articles, histories, criticisms, commentaries, encyclopedias.
Images: pictures, quotes, or graphics of primary sources.

Affiliation: Is a reputable institution connected to the site (e.g., .edu, .gov, .org)?

Audience: Working links? Written at an appropriate level? Information suitable for intended audience? 

Authority: Is the author (not designer of web site) identified? Credentials? Contact info? 

Content: Well-organized? Relates to objective?

Currency: Up-to-date information? 

Design: Site loads reasonably quickly? Easy to navigate? Legible? Appropriate graphics? Font style?

Objectivity: Contains little or no advertising and free of bias? 

Purpose: Clearly stated and meets objective? 

Common Sense

Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work or borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying" and "borrowing" can disguise the seriousness of the offense.

The Following Is Considered Plagiarism

  • Turning in someone else's work as your own
  • Copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
  • Failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
  • Giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
  • Changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit 
  • Copying so many words or ideas from a source that makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not
  • Using an image, video, or piece of music in a work you have produced without receiving proper permission or providing appropriate citation 

Quoting vs Paraphrasing

Let's say that you want to introduce information from another source (a book, a journal article, or website, for example) into your paper. You could approach this by quoting the work directly or try to convey the information from the original source in your paper by rephrasing it in your own words. This latter approach is paraphrasing.

Paraphrasing Is A Valuable Skill

Paraphrasing includes the ideas or information from an original source in your paper by rephrasing those ideas or information in your own words. The key to successful paraphrasing is to use as few words as possible from the original text--be mindful not to change the meaning that you are trying to convey as you rephrase--and to cite your paraphrase. Without proper citation, your paraphrase could be construed as plagiarism. 

Six steps to effectively paraphrasing along with a few examples can be found on the Purdue Online Writing Lab website: 

Preventing Plagiarism

  • When in doubt, cite sources
  • Make it clear who said what
  • Consult with your instructor
  • Plan your paper
  • Take effective notes
  • Know how to paraphrase
  • Analyze and evaluate your sources


"Plagiarism 101." iParadigms, LLC, 2015. Web. 22 Nov. 2015. <>.

Popular articles are from publications that are "popular" to the general public. They can be identified by the following characteristics:

  • Articles about "hot topics"
  • Color images or people, places, and things
  • Common language
  • Lack an author or citation information
  • Short article length
  • Written by journalist for the mass public

Scholarly articles are found in professional journals; they can be identified by the following characteristics:

  • Articles related to professional studies in a particular field
  • Author and citation information is displayed
  • Long in length
  • Images of statistics data, graphs, and charts
  • Professional, technical, and scientific language and writing style
  • Reviewed and written by professionals in the field

Undergraduate Research: It is important to know that popular and scholarly articles are good sources of information. When selecting articles think about the way you are going to use the content.

Popular: background research

Scholarly: academic cite-able research

Popular Scholarly

Marie Claire

American Literature


American Criminal Law Review


Aerospace Power Journal

Yoga Journal

BCM Health Services Research

Student Success

Be Challenged, Be Curious, & Organize Your Thoughts!   

Identify Student Resources: library, counseling department, tutoring/writing center, clubs, and associations. LAHC Student Services

Be Prepared: start early by prepping for registering for classes, class materials, and assignments.

Create Connections: form study groups and build long lasting relationships with your peers. 

Office Hours: visit your instructors during their office hours! Communicate your needs and concerns to clarify class assignments. 

Feedback: learn to provide and receive feedback from your peers, instructors, and counselors; it is an opportunity to grow for everyone involved. 

Don't Give Up: talk to someone on campus before quitting (instructor, counselor, or librarian), they can aid you in finding the recourses you need to make your academic experience successful!