An in-text citation is when an author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a full reference citation should appear on your Works Cited page.
Navigate to the Purdue OWL website for in-text citation formatting and examples.
View this video on formatting your paper using Microsoft Word.
The medium of publication is no longer stated, except when it is needed for clarity (52).
Abbreviations Commonly Used
Placeholders for unknown information like n.d. (“no date”) are no longer used. If facts missing from a work are available in a reliable external resource, they are cited in square brackets (2.6.1). Otherwise, they are simply omitted.
Visit the MLA Style Center for more information: MLA Style Center
Author's Last Name, First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle if Any. Edition if given and is not first edition, Publisher Name often shortened, Year of publication. Name of Library Database.
Waldau, Paul. Animal Rights: What Everyone Needs To Know. Oxford University Press, 2010. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost).
Periodical from an Online Database
Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Camargo. “Toxicity of Nitrite to Three Species of Freshwater Invertebrates.” Environmental Toxicology, vol. 21, no. 1, 3 Feb. 2006, pp. 90-94. Wiley Online Library, doi:10.1002/tox.20155.
Langhamer, Claire. “Love and Courtship in Mid-Twentieth-Century England.” Historical Journal, vol. 50, no. 1, 2007, pp. 173-96. ProQuest, doi:10.1017/S0018246X06005966. Accessed 27 May 2009.
Citing an Entire Website
Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL (omit https://), DOI or permalink. Date of access (if applicable).
The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue U, 2008, owl.english.purdue.edu/owl. Accessed 23 Apr. 2008.
Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003, www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/. Accessed 10 May 2006.
A Page on a Website
“Athlete's Foot - Topic Overview.” WebMD, 25 Sept. 2014, www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/athletes-foot-topic-overview.
Lundman, Susan. “How to Make Vegetarian Chili.” eHow, www.ehow.com/how_10727_make-vegetarian-chili.html. Accessed 6 July 2015.
Literary Criticism & Contemporary Issues Citations --MLA Examples
Critical essay reprinted in a collection
Stone, Laurie. “Personal Best: What’s New in Towne.” Village Voice 11 Mar. 1982: 52-53. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Christopher Giroux. Vol. 87. Detroit: Gale, 1995. 366-369.
To cite an essay in a collection that has been previously published elsewhere, give the earlier publication information followed by “Rpt. in” (meaning “Reprinted in”). Always cite the source you are using; do not pretend you saw the article in the original publication.
When using a direct quote or paraphrasing it is immediately followed by an in-text citation.
MLA Style establishes standards of written communication concerning:
Why Use MLA?
Who Should Use MLA?
MLA Style is typically reserved for writers and students preparing manuscripts in various humanities disciplines such as: