An in-text citation is when an author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
Navigate to the Purdue OWL website for in-text citation formatting and examples.
View this video on formatting your paper using Microsoft Word.
Author(s): Basic Form
The following rules for handling works by a single author or multiple authors apply to all APA-style references in your reference list, regardless of the type of work (book, article, electronic resource, etc.)
Last name first, followed by author initials.
Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10.
Visit Purdue OWL for more information: Reference List: Author/Authors
Books: Basic Form
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.
Note: For "Location," you should always list the city and the state using the two letter postal abbreviation without periods (New York, NY).
Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Visit Purdue OWL for more information on: Reference List - Books
Full Citation- The Basics:
Great examples shown here:
Visit Purdue OWL for more information on: Reference List - Electronic Sources (Web Publications)
Author, A. (date). Title of document [Format description]. Retrieved from https://URL
In text: (Author, year)
Freakonomics. (2010, October 29). E-ZPass is a life-saver (literally) [Blog post]. Retrieved
In text: (Freakonomics, 2010)
American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Autism treatment options.
Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/topics/autism/treatment.aspx
Interviews, Email, and Other Personal Communication
No personal communication is included in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator's name, the phrase "personal communication," and the date of the communication in your main text only.